Centers for Disease Control – One Health, Zoonotic Diseases

EcoHealth Alliance

Planetary Health Alliance

Traction: Design + Action + Research

World Health Organization

World Wildlife Fund – What is zoonotic disease and how is it tied to conservation?

Zoonotic and Emerging Diseases Research Group 

Selected Publications

Journal of Zoonotic Diseases and Public Health

Recent publications by the EcoHealth Alliance

Andrews, Leann. (2018). Integrating human health, ecology and built environment design: A Gardens Intervention case study with an informal slum community in the Peruvian Amazon.

Han, Barbara A., and Richard S. Ostfeld. 2019. “Topic Modeling of Major Research Themes in Disease Ecology of Mammala.” Journal of Mammology 100 (3). Oxford University Press: 1008-1018. doi:10.1093/jmammal/gyy174.

Jonathan A. PatzPeter DaszakGary M. TaborA. Alonso AguirreMary PearlJon EpsteinNathan D. WolfeA. Marm KilpatrickJohannes FoufopoulosDavid MolyneuxDavid J. Bradley, and Members of the Working Group on Land Use Change Disease Emergence, 2004. “Unhealthy Landscapes: Policy Recommendations on Land Use Change and Infectious Disease Emergence

Environmental Health Perspectives 112:10 CID:

Keesing, F., Belden, L., Daszak, P. et al. Impacts of biodiversity on the emergence and transmission of infectious diseases. Nature 468, 647–652 (2010).

Keesing, Felicia, and Richard S. Ostfeld2018“The Tick Project: Testing Environmental Methods Of Preventing Tick-Borne Diseases”. Trends In Parasitology 34 (6): 447 – 450. doi:10.1016/

Origin and cross-species transmission of bat coronaviruses in China. Alice Latinne, Ben Hu, Kevin J.Olival Guangjian Zhu, Libiao Zhang, Hongying Li, Aleksei A. Chmura, Hume E. Field, Carlos Zambrana-Torrelio, Jonathan H. Epstein, Bei Li, Wei Zhang, Lin-Fa Wang, Zheng-Li Shi, Peter Daszak. 

Ostfeld, Richard S. Lyme Disease: The Ecology of a Complex System. Oxford University Press, 2012.

Ostfeld, Richard S., et al., editors. Infectious Disease Ecology: Effects of Ecosystems on Disease and of Disease on Ecosystems. Princeton University Press, 2008. JSTOR, Accessed 22 June 2020.

Ostfeld, Richard S., Dustin Brisson, K. Oggenfuss, Jill Devine, Michael Z. Levy, and Felicia Keesing2018“Effects Of A Zoonotic Pathogen, Borrelia Burgdorferi, On The Behavior Of A Key Reservoir Host”. Ecology And Evolution: 4074 – 4083. doi:10.1002/ece3.3961.

Plowright, R., Parrish, C. R., McCallum, H., Hudson, P. J., Ko, A. I., Graham, A. L., Lloyd-Smith, J. O. (2017) Pathways to zoonotic spillover. Nature Reviews Microbiology: v. 15 i. 8 p. 502

Faust, C. L., McCallum, H., Bloomfield, L. S., Gottdenker, N. L., Gillespie, T. R., Torney, C. J., Dobson, A. P., Plowright, R. (2018) Pathogen spillover during land conversion. Ecology Letters: v. 21 i. 4 p. 471-483

Wilkinson DA, Marshall JC, French NP, Hayman DTS. Habitat fragmentation, biodiversity loss and the risk of novel infectious disease emergence. J.R. Soc. Interface, 15, 20180403 (2018). (doi:10.1098/rsif.2018.0403)

Selected News Items

Zaugg, J. (2020, June 12). The virus hunters who search bat caves to predict the next pandemic. CNN. Retrieved from

Nuer, R. (2020, June 1) Mass Extinctions Are Accelerating, Scientists Report. New York Times. Retrieved from

Tan A. (2020, April 22) NGOs say healthy, natural environment should be a basic human right in light of coronavirus outbreakStraits Times. Retrieved from

Gosalvez, E. (2020, April 22) How Habitat Destruction Enables the Spread of Diseases Like COVID-19NC State University News. Retrieved from

(2020, April 7) The link between virus spillover, wildlife extinction and the environment. Science Daily. Retrieved from hppts://

Nandi, J. (2020, March 15) March Scientists link outbreaks such as Covid-19 to biodiversity loss Hindustan Times. Retrieved from

Vidal, J. (2020, March 18) Destroyed Habitat Creates the Perfect Conditions for Coronavirus to EmergeScientific American. Retrieved from

Daszak, P. (2020, February 27) We Knew Disease X Was Coming. It’s Here Now.  New York Times.  Retrieved from


(National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine)

Bacteria -A large group of unicellular microorganisms that lack a cell nucleus. Some bacteria are pathogenic and harmful to humans, some have no effect at all on humans, and some are beneficial.

Epidemic – An often sudden increase in the level of disease in a specific population over a given period of time.

Fungi – A taxonomic kingdom of spore-forming organisms distinct from plants, animals, and bacteria that includes microorganisms such as yeast and molds, as well as mushrooms.

Host -An organism that harbors a parasite or another organism where there is a symbiotic relationship between the two organisms. In some cases, the relationship is commensal, or mutually beneficial, but in the case of a parasite and host, the host may be hurt by the parasite’s presence.

Infection – The entry, establishment, and replication of pathogens inside a host organism.

Infectious Disease – A type of illness caused by a pathogenic agent, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, parasites, or abnormal proteins known as prions.

Outbreak – An unexpected increase in the incidence of a particular disease over a given time period and geographic range. A general term that may refer either to an epidemic or a pandemic.

Pandemic – An increase in the occurrence of a particular disease over a very large region, such as a continent or the entire globe, that is greater than what is expected over a given period of time.

Pathogen – A biological agent that causes disease.

Vector – An organism (usually an arthropod such as a flea, mosquito, or tick) that carries an infectious agent from one host to another.

Virus – An infectious agent that is only capable of replicating itself inside the living cells of other organisms.

Zoonoses – Any disease that can be transmitted from vertebrate animals to humans.



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