arbuscular mycorrhiza(a mycorrhiza) where fungi from the Glomeromycota penetrate the roots of a (usually herbaceous) plant and provide the plant with water and nutrients while the plant supplies sugars to the fungus.

ectomycorrhizal fungi: mycorrhizae in which fungal hyphae grow on the surface of the roots and form a Hartig net;

endomycorrhizal fungi: mycorrhizae in which fungal hyphae penetrate cell walls of host plant

Hartig net: hyphal network, that extends into the root, penetrating between the epidermal and cortical cells of ectomycorrhizal plants. This network is a site of nutrient exchange between the fungus and the host plant

hypha(e): Filamentous structure which exhibits apical growth and which is the developmental unit of a mycelium.

lichen: an integrated association between either an alga or cyanobacterium with a fungus

mycelium(a): A branching network of hyphae

mycofiltration: the intentional and judicious use of cultivated networks of fungal mycelium to facilitate water quality improvements in engineered ecosystems. (

mycorestoration: the use of fungi to restore degraded environments. It is a multi-method approach to restore damaged habitats such as oil spill sites and logging roads, while also restoring the health of targeted forest sites that have been compromised in development.

mycorrhiza: mutually beneficial association between plant root and fungus.

spore: reproductive propagule. The spore of a mushroom contains all of the necessary materials to form a new fungus.

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