Aboriginal Canada Portal: Traditional Ecological Knowledge

Aboriginal Education Research Center

Aboriginal Mapping Network

Alaska Native Knowledge Network

American Indian and Alaska Native Climate Change Working Group

Center for Native Peoples and the Environment

Center for World Indigenous Studies

First Peoples: New Directions in Indigenous Studies

First Peoples Worldwide

Honor Our Pueblo Existence

Indigenous Peoples’ Restoration Network

Institute for Tribal Environmental Professionals

Intertribal Timber Council

Native Communities and Climate Change


Indigenous Forum at the upcoming 2012 Bioneers Conference

Merging traditional ecological knowledge with science for ecosystem restoration decision making (at EcoSummit 2012)


Berkes, F. 1993, Traditional ecological knowledge in perspective. P. 1–10 in Traditional ecological knowledge; concepts and cases, Inglis, J.T. (ed). International Program on Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Ottawa, Canada. 142 p.

Berkes, F. 2008. Sacred ecology, 2nd ed. Routledge: Taylor and Francis Group, New York. 313 p.

Berkes, F., J. Colding, and C. Folke. 2000. Rediscovery of traditional ecological knowledge as adaptive management. Ecological Applications 10:1251–1262.

Berkes. F., J. Colding, and C. Folke. 2003. Navigating social–ecological systems: building resilience for complexity and change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Best Practices on Indigenous Knowledge UNESCO

Proceedings from EARTH IN TRANSITION: How Traditional Ecological Knowledge Addresses Climate Change, a 2005 gathering of indigenous experts from around the world to discuss ideas and share expertise on how TEK can address global climate change.  Conveneed by the IPRN, the meeting was funded by The Christensen Fund and the Starflower Foundation.

Turner, N.J., M. Boelscher Ignace, and R. Ignace. 2000. Traditional ecological knowledge and wisdom of Aboriginal peoples of British Columbia. Ecol. Applic. 10(5):1275–1287.

Ecology and Society, 2004 Special Feature on Traditional Knowledge

Egan, Dave, Hjerpe, E. and Abrams, J. editors. (2011) Human Dimensions of Ecological Restoration: Integrating Science, Nature, and Culture. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.

Gadgil, M., P. Olsson, F. Berkes, and C. Folke. 2003. Exploring the role of local ecological knowledge for ecosystem management: three case studies. Pages 189–209 in F. Berkes, J. Colding, and C. Folke, editors .Navigating social–ecological systems: building resilience for complexity and change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Garibaldi, A., and Turner, N. 2004. Cultural keystone species: implications for ecological conservation and restoration. Ecology and Society 9(3):1. (Online.) URL:

Kimmerer, Robin W. (2003). Gathering Moss: a natural and cultural History of Mosses. Corvallis, Oregon: Oregon State University Press.

Kimmerer, R.W. 2000. Native knowledge for Native ecosystems. Journal of Forestry. 98(8):4–9.

Kimmerer, R.W. 2002. Weaving traditional knowledge into the biological curriculum: A

call to action. Bioscience 52(5):432–438.

Kimmerer, R.W., AND F.K. Lake. 2001. The role of indigenous burning in land management. Journal of Forestry. 99(11):36–41.

Nelson, Melissa K., editor. (2008) Original Instructions: Teachings for a Sustainable Future. Rochester. Vermont: Bear & Company.

Protecting and Promoting Traditional Knowledge: Systems, National Experiences, and International Dimensions, Sophia Twarog and Promila Kapoor, Editors. United Nations, 2004.

Asserting Native Resilience:  Pacific Rim Indigenous Nations Face the Climate Crisis,  Zontan Grossman and Alan Parker, Editors.

Salmon, Enriqué (2012). Eating the Landscape: American Indian Stories of Food, Identity, and Resilience. Tuscon, Arizona: University of Arizona Press.

TEK Network

Traditional Knowledge, Innovation and Practices United Nations Environmental Programme, Convension on Biodiversity

Tribal Climate Change Newsletter

Wildcat, Daniel R. (2009). Red Alert!: Saving the Planet with Indigenous Knowledge. Golden, Colorado: Fulcrum Publishing.

Resources provided by the Society for Ecological Restoration International

Reed, M.S., Dougill, A.J., & Baker, T.R. (2008). Participatory indicator development: What can ecologists and local communities learn from each other? Ecological Applications, 18 (5), 1253-1269
Millar, D. (2004). “Interfacing Two Knowledge Systems: Local Knowledge and Science in Africa”. Centre for Cosmovision and Indigenous Knowledge , Ghana,9
Takada, A. (2004). “Activating Ecological Knowledge: Navigation Practices in the Kalahari Desert”

Yli-Pelkonen, V. and Kohl, J.(2005). “The Role of Local Ecological Knowledge in Sustainable Urban Planning: Perspectives from Finland”. Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy, 1 (1), 3-14.

Petrova, T. andSemenova, T. (2004). “Integration of Scientific and Local Knowledge in the Protection of Sacred Sites in the Russian Arctic”
Kingston, D. and Ford, J. (2003) “Documenting the Cultural Geography, Biogeography, and Traditional Ecological Knowledge of King Island, Alaska”

Wohlforth, C. (2001). “The Iñupiaq Supercomputer: What the Whale Hunters Know & Some Scientists Want To Discover” Anchorage Press, Nov. 8-14.

Gupta, A. and Guha, K. (2002). “Tradition and Conservation in Northeastern India: An Ethical Analysis”  Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics, 12, 15-18.

Australia, New Zealand & the Pacific Rim
Verran, H. & Christie, M. (2007) Using/Designing digital technologies of representation in aboriginal Australian knowledge.
King, D. and Skipper, A. (2006).“Understanding local weather and climate using Maori environmental knowledge”.
Dahl, A. L. (2002) “Linking Science and Indigenous Knowledge for Local Environmental Management”presented at the Seminar on Integrating Science in Local Communities, University of Witwatersrand.

Calamia, M. A. (1999). “A Methodology for Incorporating Traditional Ecological Knowledge with Geographic Information Systems for Marine Resource Management in the Pacific”. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin, 10, 2- 12.

Leahy, Stephen. March 29, 2012, “Wisdom of elders better than science or the internet: They still know how to cook mammoth.” Climate Change and Indigenous Peoples, National Geographic News Watch.

Pearce, F., “Digital defenders: Tribal people use GPS to protect their lands.” Yale Environment 360, March 15, 2012.

Berkes. F. (2009) Ecological complexity, fuzzy logic, and holism in indigenous knowledge. Futures, 41 (1), 6-12.

Dickson (2003) “Let’s not get too romantic about traditional knowledge”

Dowie, J. (2003) “Western Science and Traditional Knowledge – No Gap to Bridge” The Polar Times, October.

Gibson, B. (2003). “Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Environmental Impact Assessment”

Iaccarino, M. (2003) “Science and culture”European Molecular Biology Organizations Reports, 4 (3), 220- 223.

Studley, J. (1998). “Dominant Knowledge Systems and Local Knowledge”

Freeman,M.R. (1992) “The Nature and Utility of Traditional Ecological Knowledge”  by Canadian Arctic Resources Committee, 21 (1).

North America
Heimbuch, H. ” Conference buoys knowledge of modern scientific concerns” The Bristol Bay Times, April 13, 2012.

Spearfish Magazine, February 7, 2012, “Students study native medicinal plants to fight disease.”

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