Web Sites

Amphibian Species of the World at the AMNH:  The American Museum of Natural History’s Department of Herpetology has a searchable database of near-current amphibian species.

AmphibiaWeb, created and managed by the University of California, Berkeley, is an online system enabling anyone online to search and retrieve information relating to amphibian biology and conservation.

Caudata.org newt and salamander information portal

Field Herp Forum

Great Smoky Mountains Institute

Herpetological Society of Japan

Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study

Kyushu Herpetology Society

The Lips Lab, the Amphibian Ecology Lab run by Dr. Karen Lips of the University of Maryland

The Lab of David B. Wake at the University of California, Berkeley

PARC (Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation) is a nonprofit organization that works to conserve amphibians, reptiles and their habitats as integral parts of our ecosystem and culture through proactive and coordinated public-private partnerships

Save the Frogs is a nonprofit organization dedicated to protecting the world’s rapidly disappearing amphibian species, including salamanders.

The Semlitsch Lab at the University of Missouri, run by Dr. Ray Dr. Semlitsch

The Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, the largest international herpetological society, aims to advance research, conservation, and education concerning amphibians and reptiles.

Societas Europaea Herpetologica (SEH) is a society of nearly 350 members (professional and non-professional herpetologists) from European and other countries.

USGS Amphibian Monitoring and Research Initiative

USGS National Amphibian Atlas

World Congress of Herpetology


Talley B.L., Muletz, C.R., Vredenburg V.T., Fleischer R.C., Lips, K.R.,  2015. A century of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Illinois amphibians (1888–1989). Biological Conservation. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2014.12.007

Martel, A., Blooi, M., Adriaensen, C., Van Rooij, P., Beukema, W., Fisher, M.C., Farrer, R.A., Schmidt, B.R., Tobler, U., Goka, K., Lips, K.R., Muletz, C., Zamudio, K.R., Bosch, J., Lotters, S., Wombwell, E., Garner, T.W.J., Cunningham, A.A., Spitzen-van der Sluijs, A., Salvidio, S., Ducatelle, R., Nishikawa, K., Nguyen, T.T., Kolby, J.E., Van Bocxlaer, I., Bossuyt, F., Pasmans, F., 2014. Recent introduction of a chytrid fungus endangers Western Palearctic salamandersScience 346, 630-631. DOI: 10.1126/science.1258268

Langhammer, P.F. P.A. Burrowes, K. R. Lips, A. Bryant, J.P. Collins. 2014. Susceptibility to the amphibian chytrid fungus varies with ontogeny in the direct-developing frog EleutherodactyluscoquiJournal of Wildlife Disease  http://dx.doi.org/10.7589/2013-10-268 

Ellison, A. R., Savage, A. E., DiRenzo, G. V., Langhammer, P., Lips, K.R., and Zamudio, K. R.  2014. Fighting a losing battle: vigorous immune response countered by pathogen suppression of host defenses in a chytridiomycosis-susceptible frog. G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics. http://www.g3journal.org/content/early/2014/05/19/g3.114.010744.short

Muletz, C., N. M. Caruso, R. C. Fleischer, R. W. McDiarmid, K R. Lips. 2014. Unexpected Rarity of the Pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Appalachian Plethodon Salamanders: 1957–2011. PLOSOne.  DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103728

Caruso, N. M., M. W. Sears, D. C. Adams, K. R. Lips. 2014. Widespread rapid reductions in body size of salamanders in response to climate change. Global Change Biology.

DiRenzo, G., P. F Langhammer, K. R Zamudio, K. R Lips.  2014. Fungal infection intensity and zoospore output of Atelopus zeteki, a potential chytrid supershedder.  PLOS One.

Lips, Karen R.  2014. A tale of two lineages: unexpected, long-term persistence of the amphibian-killing fungus in Brazil. Journal of Molecular Ecology DOI: 10.1111/mec.12651

Recent Papers by Dr. Ray Semlitsch & Students

O’Donnell, K.M., and R.D. Semlitsch. 2015. Advancing terrestrial salamander population ecology: The central role of imperfect detection. Journal of Herpetology (in press)

Anderson, T.L., B.H. OusterhoutW.E. Peterman, D.L. Drake, and R.D. Semlitsch. 2015. Life history differences influence the impacts of drought on aquatic survival and occupancy of two pond-breeding salamanders. Ecological Applications (online)

Anderson, T.L., D.J. Hocking, C.A. Conner, J.E. Earl, E.B. Harper, M.S. Osbourn, W.E. Peterman, T.A.G. Rittenhouse, and R.D. Semlitsch. 2014. Abundance and phenology patterns of two pond-breeding salamanders determine species interactions in natural populations. Oecologia (online) DOI 10.1007/s00442-014-3151-z

Semlitsch, R.D., O’Donnell, K.M., and F.R. Thompson, III. 2014. Abundance, biomass production, nutrient content, and the possible role of terrestrial salamanders in Missouri Ozark forest ecosystems. Canadian Journal of Zoology 92:997-1004.

Matisziw, T., M. Alam, K.M. Trauth, E.C. Inniss, R.D. Semlitsch, S. McIntosh, and J. Horton. 2015. A vector approach for modeling landscape corridors and habitat connectivity. Environmental Modeling and Assessment 20:1-16.

Other Publications

Burton, T. M.  1985.  Species composition, distribution, biomass and behavior: salamanders. pp. 234-236. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). An Ecosystem Approach to Aquatic Ecology: Mirror Lake and its Environment. Springer-Verlag New York Inc

Burton, T. M. and G. E. Likens.  1975.  Energy flow and nutrient cycling in salamander populations in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Ecology 56(5):1068-1080

Burton, T. M. and G. E. Likens.  1975.  Salamander populations and biomass in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Copeia 3:541-546

Burton, T. M.  1974.  The role of salamanders in ecosystem structure and function in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest in New Hampshire. Dissertation Abstracts Internat. 34(10): 2 pp

Petranka, J. W. (1998). Salamanders of the United States and Canada. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Lowe, W.H. 2012. Climate change is linked to long-term decline in a stream salamander. Biological Conservation 145:48-53.

Michael L. Best and Hartwell H. Welsh, Jr. 2014. The trophic role of a forest salamander: impacts on invertebrates, leaf litter retention, and the humification process. Ecosphere 5:art16. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/ES13-00302.1

Special Thanks

…to the wonderful staff at The Maryland Zoo and the National Aquarium in Baltimore

…to photographer Mark Tegges, who provided so many of the extraordinary salamander photos in this issue!

…to photographer Jimmy A. McGuire, Associate Professor at U.C. Berkeley’s Department of Integrative Biology and Curator of Herpetology at Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, for sharing his photo of the olm.

…to wildlife photographer and TV producer/director Paul Williams, for sharing his photos of the giant Japanese salamander

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