At a Glance

By employing alternative methods of natural resources valuation, the once-undervalued ecosystem services provided by Maryland’s forests can become economic drivers that help fund their own protection and enhancement.

Project Description

Forests are commonly valued economically for their ability to supply products, such as lumber, pulp and paper. The ecosystem services provided by forests (e.g., generating and maintaining soils, providing wildlife habitat, abating air pollution, improving water quality, etc.), however, have largely been considered free services by traditional economic evaluation systems.

With funding from the Harry R. Hughes Center for Agro-Ecology, Biohabitats is assisting the University of Maryland’s Department of Environmental Science and Technology in developing a simulation model whereby economic values are assigned to Maryland’s forests and forest stewards are paid for providing ecosystem services to public consumers. Development of the model involves the valuation of all Maryland forest types, including restored riparian and upland forests. Biohabitats is providing the team with recently restored forest sites and serving as technical advisors for model calibration and review, as well as the collection and analysis of ecological data such as leaf area index, basal area, tree species, soil total organic matter, etc.

The value of forest ecosystems will be determined using the integrative accounting model of solar emergy evaluation. A contraction of the term “embodied energy,” emergy refers to the total amount of work required to make something, which includes the work of nature and people. Once established, the model entity, known as the Maryland Ecological Investment Corporation could potentially be used in states beyond Maryland and with all types of ecosystems.



Chesapeake/Delaware Bays

Physiographic Province

Coastal Plain, Piedmont, Appalachian Plateau, Ridge & Valley, Blue Ridge


Chesapeake Bay

Expertise Areas

Climate Change, Community, Conservation, Ecological Restoration, Research & Development


Harry R. Hughes Center for Agro-Ecology


Maryland, United States