At a Glance

By thoroughly exploring potential stormwater pond retrofit opportunities, Anne Arundel County is poised to enhance water quality, wildlife habitat, and quality of life for constituents.

Project Description

As part of its efforts to meet Chesapeake Bay Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) and local National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) requirements, the Anne Arundel County Department of Public Works sought to develop a new generation of stormwater pond retrofits that would achieve higher levels of nutrient reduction while also creating a recreational amenity, enhanced wildlife habitat, and greater public acceptance and demand for these facilities.

Biohabitats, in a joint venture with Century Engineering, helped the County evaluate, prioritize, and develop schematic stormwater pond retrofit designs in the Little Patuxent Watershed. The evaluation process began with field investigations, visual assessments, and natural resources inventories of all nine existing stormwater ponds in the watershed. The team also compared and evaluated as-built drawings and available computations. Site investigation and retrofit options included upland considerations such as alternative/additional best management practices like parking lot retrofits, bioretention bump-outs, and bioswales.

The team then developed pond retrofit ranking protocol for the County with criteria that included drainage area characteristics, existing pond and site conditions, ownership, and retrofit feasibility and requirements. The ranking protocol was then applied and the top ranked ponds were moved through the retrofit concept development phase. Of the remaining ponds, two were deemed unsuitable for retrofitting, while maintenance and further site investigation were recommended for three. Schematic designs prepared for the four top ranking retrofit sites are currently in design development. Once constructed, the retrofitted ponds are expected to gain Chesapeake Bay TMDL and NPDES MS4 credit approvals.



Chesapeake/Delaware Bays

Physiographic Province

Coastal Plain


Patuxent River

Expertise Areas

Community, Infrastructure, Urban Ecology, Water


Anne Arundel County Department of Public Works, Bureau of Engineering Division, Watershed Protection and Restoration Program


Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States

Project Team
  • Century Engineering