True resilience is totally based on healthy, robust and intact ecosystems.  Only healthy, robust and intact ecosystems can absorb, expand and contract without breaking.  If we build our communities and infrastructure to support healthy, robust and intact ecosystems then we will have resilient communities.

In essence, healthy, robust and intact ecosystems = biodiversity = resilience.  All of the command and control engineering in the world will only make us more vulnerable to catastrophic storms, climate change and natural resource depletion.

Further Reading

Living on the Edge: National Best Practices in Coastal Resilience
Imagine the Wall
Get to know Laura Wildman
Ecosystem Prosthetics: A Pier Review
Pandemic Pause

More From This Author

Millions of bees unintentionally killed in Zika battle. Need for systemic thinking.
A Better Life for Egyptians
Restoring Our Future
New urbanism: too often practiced in an ecological vacuum
Thoughts on Roads